The Titan supercomputer, installed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the United States, has recently become the world’s fastest supercomputer. 17.59 Peta This supercomputer with a high speed of flops has been developed by Cray. “Kare” has been making supercomputers for the last several decades and because of this fame is the fastest supercomputer in the world.
Remember that a supercomputer with a petaflops speed can perform quadrillion calculations in just one second. To write a quadrillion, we have to put 15 zeros after 1.
The Titan supercomputer uses not only the CPU but also the GPU, the graphics processing unit. It is the first supercomputer in the world to use GPUs and achieve speeds of up to 10 petaflops.
Cray’s supercomputer Jaguar
Titan-specs: Titan is actually an improved version of Cray’s supercomputer Jaguar. Jaguar topped the list of supercomputers in 2009. The creation of the Titan was announced in October last year, and a year later, in October 2012, it began operations. Funding for the project was provided by two US agencies, the Department of Energy and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The total cost of this project is 97 million US dollars or nine and a half billion Pakistani rupees. At the beginning of the project, it was announced that the Titan would have a speed of 20 petaflops, but after completion, the speed was 17.59 petaflops.
The main purpose of this supercomputer is to develop automotive vehicles that consume less fuel and tension, predict climate change and conduct research on biofuels. While other institutions or individuals can also use it by paying for their research.
Before Titan, the world’s fastest supercomputer was IBM’s Sequoia, which now ranks second. For the first time in three years, the first two supercomputers are American.
Nvidia Tesla GPUs
The Titan uses AMD’s 18,688 Uptron processors and as many Nvidia Tesla GPUs. Each Opteron processor has 16 cores. This brings the total number of processor courses to 299,008. Titan uses the same building and 200 cabinets that Jaguar used. The cooling and power supply system also uses the Jaguar. This saved about ً 20 million.
Eaton requires 8.2 megawatts of power to run, which is about one and a half megawatts more than the Jaguar, but in terms of speed, it is ten times faster than the Jaguar. In the event of a power outage, there are alternative arrangements that never allow the supercomputer to shut down.
Titan has a total memory of 710 terabytes and storage of 10 petabytes. This supercomputer uses UNICOS as the operating system, a developed version of Cray, and a modified version of Unix.
Build A Supercomputer With Great Speed
With this project, Kare has announced the XC30 architecture that will help him build a supercomputer with great speed like 100 petaflops. The most interesting thing about this architecture is that it will use Intel’s Zion processors instead of AMD’s Opteron processor. Earlier, “Kare” and AMD’s bra were with Daman. This is another major blow to the already-sinking AMD. Kare’s relationship with Intel is improving. Earlier that year, Intel bought Kare’s Interconnect technology. A new interconnect technology “Aries” has been introduced in the XC30. The technology is owned by Intel, which will maintain Intel’s monopoly in the high-performance computing market. More important than the CPU in high-performance technology is the network that connects them.
According to the details, each blade (server rack) of XC30 will consist of four nodes and two Zion processors will be installed in each node. Each chassis will have 16 blades and each cabinet will have three chassis. Thus the total speed of a cabinet will be up to 66 teraflops. According to Kare, the speed of 100 petaflops can be achieved by making 1500 such cabinets. Not only this, with the help of RAM you can do great things like 35 Petabytes.
Kare’s project is competing with the Chinese supercomputer Tianhe-II, which will be completed by 2015 and will have speeds of up to 100 petaflops. Although the details about this supercomputer are still limited, according to Chinese planners, this speed race will not end there, but the speed of this supercomputer will be increased to one exaflops or 1000 peta flops by 2018. Now let’s see who wins first in this race, America or China!